YALOW, ROSALYN SUSSMAN


YALOW, ROSALYN SUSSMAN
YALOW, ROSALYN SUSSMAN (1921– ), U.S. medical physicist and Nobel laureate in physiology or medicine. Yalow was born in New York and received her B.A. from Hunter College (1941) and M.S. and Ph.D. in nuclear physics from the University of Illinois under the direction of Maurice Goldhaber (1945). After teaching at Hunter (1946–50), she started her long association with the Bronx Veterans Administration Hospital. She set up the radioisotope service over the period 1950–70 and became head of the nuclear medicine service (1970–80), senior medical investigator (1972–92) and director of the Solomon A. Berson Research Laboratory (1973–92). She was also appointed research professor (1968–74) and distinguished service professor (1974–79) in the department of medicine of the affiliated Mt. Sinai School of Medicine. Yalow was professor at large at Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Yeshiva University (1979–85) and chairperson of the department of clinical science at Montefiore Hospital in the Bronx (1980–85). She was professor emeritus from 1985 and Solomon A. Berson Distinguished Professor at Large at Mt. Sinai School of Medicine from 1986. Her collaboration with Solomon Berson began in 1950 and lasted until his death in 1972. They developed the technique of radioimmunoassay which became the standard method of measuring small amounts of peptide hormones and other substances in blood and tissues for research and routine clinical purposes, and they established the basic principles of subsequent immunoassays. Throughout her career she made major contributions to studies of hormones and especially insulin in health and disease. Yalow was awarded the Nobel Prize for this work (1977) jointly with Roger Guillemin and Andrew Schally. Her other honors include the Gairdner Award (1971), the inaugural Hagedorn Memorial Lecture (1973), membership in the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (1975), and the Lasker Award for Basic Medical Science (1976). Yalow was an early advocate and role model for women's right to pursue a career in science. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Yalow,Rosalyn Sussman — Yal·ow (yălʹō), Rosalyn Sussman. Born 1921. American medical physicist. She shared a 1977 Nobel Prize for research on hormones. * * * …   Universalium

  • Yalow, Rosalyn (Sussman) — orig. Rosalyn Sussman born July 19, 1921, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. medical physicist. She received a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Illinois. She developed the technique of radioimmunoassay (RIA) by combining techniques from… …   Universalium

  • Yalow, Rosalyn (Sussman) — orig. Rosalyn Sussman (n. 19 jul. 1921, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Física médica estadounidense. Obtuvo un Ph.D. en física en la Universidad de Illinois. Desarrolló la técnica del radioinmunoensayo (RIA, sigla en inglés), al combinar las técnicas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Yalow , Rosalyn Sussman — (1921–) American physicist Yalow was born in New York City and educated at Hunter College and at the University of Illinois, where she obtained her PhD in nuclear physics in 1945. Since 1947 she has worked at the Veterans Administration Hospital… …   Scientists

  • Rosalyn Sussman Yalow — Rosalyn Yalow Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (née le 19 juillet 1921 à New York) est une physicienne américaine. Elle fut lauréate du Prix Nobel en 1977 avec Roger Guillemin et Andrzej Wiktor Schally. Elle a inventé avec Solomon Berson (décédé à la date… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rosalyn Sussman Yalow — (Oktober 1977) Rosalyn Yalow, geb. Sussman (* 19. Juli 1921 in New York City, New York; † 30. Mai 2011 ebenda) war eine US amerikanische Physikerin. 1977 wurde sie mit dem Medizin Nobelpreis ausgezeichnet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rosalyn Sussman Yalow — (born July 19, 1921) is an American medical physicist, and a co winner of the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her development of the radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique.BiographyBorn Rosalyn Sussman in New York City to Simon Sussman… …   Wikipedia

  • Yalow, Rosalyn S. — ▪ American medical physicist in full  Rosalyn Sussman Yalow  born July 19, 1921, New York, N.Y., U.S.    American medical physicist and joint recipient (with Andrew V. Schally (Schally, Andrew V.) and Roger Guillemin (Guillemin, Roger Charles… …   Universalium

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1977: Roger Guillemin — Andrew Victor Schally — Rosalyn Sussman Yalow —   Die drei amerikanischen Wissenschaftler wurden für die Erforschung der Peptidhormonproduktion im Gehirn ausgezeichnet.    Biografien   Roger Guillemin, * Dijon (Frankreich) 11. 1. 1924; 1943 49 Medizinstudium in Lyon, ab 1957 Professor in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Yalow — Rosalyn Sussman …   Scientists


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